The BC coast faces many threats–from pollution to loss of salmon habitat to overharvesting. However, BC is one of the only coastal regions in North America without a strategic, united plan and law to protect it. 

British Columbians are drawing a new blueprint for the coast. Our blueprint protects marine life and the habitat that sustains it. Our blueprint promises strong, local economies for those of us who depend on the coast for our livelihood. Our blueprint is co-designed with Indigenous nations, who have played a vital role in stewarding the coast for millennia.

Join us in building a coastal marine strategy for BC that ensures marine life and coastal communities get the future they deserve.

Blueprint for the Coast is a collaboration, founded by Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society BC and West Coast Environmental Law, working toward a coastal strategy and law for BC.

A successful blueprint for the coast will mean:

  • Coastal and marine issues will have a home within the Provincial government to ensure more efficient and effective work with Indigenous, federal, and local governments
  • Coastal communities are better prepared for climate change impacts
  • Protect and restore key coastal habitats and ensure healthy and resilient marine ecosystems
  • Industries that work on the water will have more certainty around project planning and development

Want to learn more? See the Frequently Asked Questions and resources below for more information.


  • Q: Why does BC need a Blueprint for the Coast?

    Intensifying climate change impacts, record low salmon runs, and increasing demands over resources are just a few of the unprecedented challenges facing coastal communities and ecosystems. Despite its extensive responsibilities and the sheer importance of the coast and ocean to all who live here, the provincial government has no comprehensive strategy to guide coastal decision-making.

    Establishing a blueprint will ensure there is a coordinated effort that protects shoreline habitat, works with Indigenous governments to legally implement marine plans, and manages commercial and recreational uses of the coast. The blueprint’s goal is to make sure coastal areas in BC and the communities that depend on them are able to thrive now and in the future.

  • Q: Who is responsible for regulating the coast in British Columbia?

    All orders of government (Indigenous, federal, provincial and local) have jurisdiction in coastal and marine areas, and each has an important role to play in coastal and marine planning, protection management, and enforcement. Indigenous peoples also have sovereign powers over their territories and Indigenous laws apply to those territories as well as Canadian laws.

    However, BC’s provincial government does not have a plan or law for the coast that sets the vision for the future of this area or to coordinate decision-making with other orders of government.

  • Q: What gives the Province of BC relatively expansive coastal jurisdiction in Canadian law?

    The waters between Vancouver Island and the Lower Mainland have been interpreted to be “inland waters” within the Province of BC by the Supreme Court of Canada, following a reference case brought by the Province that was decided in 1984. This includes the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the Strait of Georgia, Johnstone Strait and Queen Charlotte Strait. Subject to unextinguished Aboriginal title, this gives the province the power to legislate over the seabed and waters in these areas, on subject matters within its jurisdiction. Crown title of the seabed further north along the coast of BC remains unresolved. In practice, the provincial and federal governments effectively share jurisdiction over the waters of Dixon Entrance, Hecate Strait and Queen Charlotte Sound subject to unextinguished Aboriginal title. In these regions, the province has designated marine protected areas adjacent to terrestrial parks. On the North and Central Coast, joint federal-provincial-Indigenous ocean management and protected area planning processes are underway.

  • Q: What coastal and ocean activities does BC regulate?

    The long list of provincially regulated activities includes: environmental assessments, tourism and recreation, aquaculture (marine plants, shellfish and finfish), marinas and yacht clubs, log handling, renewable energy projects, conservation and scientific research, commercial harvest of vegetation, ferries and heritage conservation.

  • Q: What is the relationship between a BC coastal marine strategy and the Marine Planning Partnership (MaPP)?

    The Marine Plan Partnership for the North Pacific Coast (MaPP) initiative is a partnership between the Province of British Columbia and 17 member First Nations that developed and is implementing marine use plans for BC’s North Pacific Coast. A province-wide coastal marine strategy could support MaPP and enable similar partnerships in southern BC.

  • Q: Who is behind Blueprint for the Coast?

    West Coast Environmental Law (WCEL) and the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS-BC) collaborated to launch Blueprint for the Coast. We’re calling for the creation of a new provincial coastal strategy and law, to be co-developed with Indigenous governments and coordinated with federal and local governments, that will ensure that the right tools are in place to protect the coast and keep our ocean healthy.

West Coast Environmental Law

West Coast Environmental Law is a non-profit group of lawyers and strategists working to transform environmental decision-making and strengthen legal protection for the environment, in BC and across Canada.

Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society

Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) is Canada’s only nationwide charity dedicated solely to the protection of public land, ocean and freshwater.